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Citation Help

ASA Style

What is ASA (American Sociological Association) Style?

ASA style was "designed to serve as the authoritative reference for writing, submitting, editing, and copy editing manuscripts for ASA Journals.  In practice, however, the ASA Style Guide also serves a wider community of researchers, writers, and publishers who use it to prepare and present scholarly papers in other sociological and social science venues" (American Sociological Association, 2014, p. xi).

ASA is utilized most by those in the field of sociology to cite sources, however, always confirm with your professor which style is required even if the course is in this discipline.

General Guidelines

Papers in ASA style should follow these guidelines:
  • typed
  • double-spaced
  • 1 and 1/4" margins on all sides
  • 12 pt. Times New Roman font
  • use subheadings to organize the body of the paper
    • THIS IS A FIRST-LEVEL HEAD
    • This is a Second-Level Head
    • This is a third-level head
ASA Major Paper Sections:
  • Title Page
  • Abstract
    • Key Words - on the same page as the abstract, include a list of three to five words that help identify main themes

  • Main Body
  • References

For further instructions please visit the Purdue Owl

ASA Manual

Quick Links to ASA Citation Rules

ASA In-Text Citations:

ASA In-Text (Citation) References

ASA Reference List:

ASA References Page Formatting

Links go to the Purdue Owl.

References

American Sociological Association. (2014). Style Guide. Washington DC: American Sociological Association.

Paiz, J. M., Coe, D. L., & Driscoll, D. L. (2015, July 21). In-Text (Citation) references. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/583/02/

Paiz, J. M., Coe, D. L., & Driscoll, D. L. (2014, Nov. 21). Manuscript formatting. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/583/01/

Paiz, J. M., Coe, D. L., & Driscoll, D. L. (2015, Feb. 3). References page formatting. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/583/03/

ASA Style Examples

ASA In-Text Examples

 

Quotations:

    Rule:

At the end of a direct quotation, you will need to include the last name of the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference, in parenthesis with a semicolon between the year and page number.

    Example:

"Quotation" (Bailey 2015:25).

 

Paraphrases/Summaries:

    Rule:

At the end of a section you have paraphrased or summarized include the last name of the author and the year of publication for the reference in parenthesis. 

    Example:

Paraphrase (Bailey 2015).


ASA References Examples

 
Book:

    Formula:

Lastname, Firstname. Year. Title of Book. Publishing City: Publisher.

    Example:

Bailey, Ronald. 2015 The End Of Doom: Environmental Renewal In The Twenty-First Century. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press.

 

 
ebook:

    Formula:   

Lastname, Firstname. Year. Title of Book. Publishing City: Publisher. Retrieved Date (URL).

    Example:

Gombatz, Erika. 2008. Global Warming Series: Global Warming Big Book. San Diego: Classroom Complete Press. Retrieved May 27, 2016 (http://site.ebrary.com/lib/charlesouth/detail.action?docID=10561793).

 

Print Journal:

    Formula:

Lastname, Firstname, & Firstname Lastname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical volume number(issue number):pages.

    Example:

Sejrup, Hans Petter, Chris D. Clark, and Berit O. Hjelstuen. 2016. "Rapid Ice Sheet Retreat Triggered By Ice Stream Debuttressing: Evidence From The North Sea." Geology 44(5):355-358.

 

Online Journal:

    Formula for Online Journal with doi:

Lastname, Firstname, & Firstname Lastname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical volume number(issue number):pages. doi:0000000/000000000000.

    Example for Online Journal with doi:

Qu, Xia, and Gang Huang. 2016. "The Global Warming-Induced South Asian High Change And Its Uncertainty." Journal Of Climate 29(6):2259-2273. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0638.1.   

    Formula for Online Journal with no doi:

Lastname, Firstname, & Firstname Lastname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical volume number(issue number). Retrieved date (URL).

    Example for Online Journal with no doi:

Qu, Xia, and Gang Huang. 2016. "The Global Warming-Induced South Asian High Change And Its Uncertainty." Journal Of Climate 29(6). Retrieved May 27, 2016 (http://mendel.csuniv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=gft&AN=113944337&site=eds-live&scope=site).


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