Plagiarism is not only copying directly the words or phrases of another author. It also includes using another author’s form-- the structure of their sentences, paragraphs, or wording.
Changing keywords, switching sentences around, or changing tenses still constitutes plagiarism if not cited appropriately.
Ask yourself: Do my ideas or writing draw upon the intellectual ideas or writings of another person?
If the answer is "yes" or "partly," then you must acknowledge your use of their ideas by citing or documenting your sources.
Give credit where credit is due!
Image via Pixabay - https://pixabay.com/photos/computer-laptop-technology-keyboard-768608/
Allison Hosier presents some practical aspects to consider in her 2022 book Using Context in Information Literacy Instruction: Beyond Basic Skills (p.117)
Photo by Leeloo Thefirst: https://www.pexels.com/photo/question-marks-on-craft-paper-5428830/
Both should be avoided...
|Intentional plagiarism is the theft of someone else’s ideas; it is usually easily identifiable and avoidable.||Unintentional plagiarism is harder for students to identify, usually because it is accidental.|
|Buying a paper off the internet||Paraphrasing badly by just rearranging words or sentences|
|Copying and pasting articles without quoting and/or citing||Not using quotation marks correctly|
|Having someone else write a paper for you||Leaving out information from in-text citations or bibliography|