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Citation Help

New MLA 8th Edition

In 2016, The Modern Language Association of America released a new MLA Handbook. 

Consult with your professor to ensure you are using the correct version of MLA!

MLA Style

What is MLA (Modern Language Association) Style?

"MLA style represents a consensus among teachers, scholars, and librarians in the fields of language and literature on the conventions for documenting research, and those conventions will help you organize your research paper coherently" (Gibaldi, 2009, p. xiii). 

The new 8th edition of the MLA Handbook "is designed to help writers think about the sources that they are documenting, select the information about the sources that is appropriate to the project they are creating, and organize it logically and without complication" (The Modern Language Association of America, 2016, p. 4).

MLA is utilized most by those in the fields of English language and literature, Foreign languages and literature, and cultural studies to cite sources, however, always confirm with your professor which style is required even if the course is in one of these disciplines.

MLA 8th Edition General Guidelines

Papers in MLA style should follow these guidelines:
  • typed
  • double-spaced
  • 1" margins on all sides
  • an easy to read font, such as 12 pt. Times New Roman
  • indent the first line of each paragraph
  • in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top, flush with the right margin include your last name and the page number (number pages consecutively)
  • list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page
  • center the title of your paper on the line after the date

For further instructions please visit the Purdue Owl

MLA Manual

MLA 8th Edition Manual Update

Quick Links to MLA 8th Edition Citation Rules

MLA In-Text Citations:

MLA In-Text Citation Basics

MLA Reference List:

MLA Works Cited Page Basic Rules

Links go to the Purdue Owl

MLA 8th Edition Style Examples

MLA 8th Edition In-Text Examples

 

Quotations/Paraphrases/Summaries:

    Rule:

At the end of the quotation, paraphrase, or summary the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the information is taken must appear in parenthesis, no commas are needed.

    Example:

"Quotation" (Bailey 25).


MLA 8th Edition Works Cited Examples

 

8th Edition MLA Works Cited Should Follow this Template:

For each source gather as many of these pieces of information as possible to include in the Works Cited.

  1. Author.
  2. Title of Source.
  3. Title of Container,
  4. Other Contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication Date,
  9. Title of 2nd Container,
  10. Location.

 

Book:

    Formula:

Author. Title of Source. Publisher, Year of Publication.

    Example:

Bailey, Ronald. The End Of Doom: Environmental Renewal In The Twenty-First Century. Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press, 2015.

  

ebook:

    Formula:   

Author. Title of Source: Subtitle. Publisher, Year of Publication. Title of Container, Location.

    Example for for Downloaded ebook:

Gombatz, Erika. Global Warming Series: Global Warming Big Book. Classroom Complete Press, 2008. ProQuest ebrary, http://site.ebrary.com/lib/charlesouth/detail.action?docID=10561793.

 

Print Journal:

    Formula:

Author, and Author. "Title of Source." Title of Container, vol. #, no. #, Year, pp. #.

    Example:

Sejrup, Hans Petter, Chris D. Clark, and Berit O. Hjelstuen. "Rapid Ice Sheet Retreat Triggered By Ice Stream Debuttressing: Evidence From The North Sea." Geology, vol. 44, no. 5, 2016, pp. 355-358.

 

Online Journal:

    Formula:

Author, and Aurhor. "Title of Source." Title of Container 1, vol. #, no. #, Year, pp. #. Title of Container 2, Location.

    Example:

Qu, Xia, and Gang Huang. "The Global Warming-Induced South Asian High Change And Its Uncertainty." Journal Of Climate, vol. 29, no. 6, 2016, pp. 2259-2273. Academic Search Complete. http://mendel.csuniv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=gft&AN=113944337&site=eds-live&scope=site.

References

Gibaldi, J. (2009). MLA handbook for writers of research papers. New York : Modern Language Association of America.

Modern Language Association of America. (2016). MLA handbook (8th ed.). New York: Modern Language Association of America.

Russell, T., Brizee, A., Angeli, E., Keck, R., Paiz, J.M., Campbell, M., Rodríguez-Fuentes, R., Kenzie, D.P., Wegener, S., & Purdue OWL Staff. (2016, April 18). MLA eighth edition: What's new and different. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/22/


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