In 2016, The Modern Language Association of America released a new MLA Handbook.
"MLA style represents a consensus among teachers, scholars, and librarians in the fields of language and literature on the conventions for documenting research, and those conventions will help you organize your research paper coherently" (Gibaldi, 2009, p. xiii).
The new 8th edition of the MLA Handbook "is designed to help writers think about the sources that they are documenting, select the information about the sources that is appropriate to the project they are creating, and organize it logically and without complication" (The Modern Language Association of America, 2016, p. 4).
MLA is utilized most by those in the fields of English language and literature, Foreign languages and literature, and cultural studies to cite sources, however, always confirm with your professor which style is required even if the course is in one of these disciplines.
For further instructions please visit the Purdue Owl
At the end of the quotation, paraphrase, or summary the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the information is taken must appear in parenthesis, no commas are needed.
"Quotation" (Bailey 25).
For each source gather as many of these pieces of information as possible to include in the Works Cited.
Author. Title of Source. Publisher, Year of Publication.
Bailey, Ronald. The End Of Doom: Environmental Renewal In The Twenty-First Century. Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press, 2015.
Author. Title of Source: Subtitle. Publisher, Year of Publication. Title of Container, Location.
Example for for Downloaded ebook:
Gombatz, Erika. Global Warming Series: Global Warming Big Book. Classroom Complete Press, 2008. ProQuest ebrary, http://site.ebrary.com/lib/charlesouth/detail.action?docID=10561793.
Author, and Author. "Title of Source." Title of Container, vol. #, no. #, Year, pp. #.
Sejrup, Hans Petter, Chris D. Clark, and Berit O. Hjelstuen. "Rapid Ice Sheet Retreat Triggered By Ice Stream Debuttressing: Evidence From The North Sea." Geology, vol. 44, no. 5, 2016, pp. 355-358.
Author, and Aurhor. "Title of Source." Title of Container 1, vol. #, no. #, Year, pp. #. Title of Container 2, Location.
Qu, Xia, and Gang Huang. "The Global Warming-Induced South Asian High Change And Its Uncertainty." Journal Of Climate, vol. 29, no. 6, 2016, pp. 2259-2273. Academic Search Complete. http://mendel.csuniv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=gft&AN=113944337&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Gibaldi, J. (2009). MLA handbook for writers of research papers. New York : Modern Language Association of America.
Modern Language Association of America. (2016). MLA handbook (8th ed.). New York: Modern Language Association of America.
Russell, T., Brizee, A., Angeli, E., Keck, R., Paiz, J.M., Campbell, M., Rodríguez-Fuentes, R., Kenzie, D.P., Wegener, S., & Purdue OWL Staff. (2016, April 18). MLA eighth edition: What's new and different. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/22/